What are the 5 classes of drugs?

The five classes of drugs are narcotics, depressants, stimulants, hallucinogens, and anabolic steroids. Hallucinogens are mostly known for their visual and auditory hallucinations. While they are less addictive than other drug type classifications, their fast-acting side effects tend to be more severe. Examples of hallucinogens include psilocybin mushrooms, PCP, and LSD. Understating drug classifications is vital if you want to begin your recovery journey.

classes of drugs

Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers— Drugs for the treatment of high blood pressure that act to block the receptor for Angiotensin II, a blood-pressure-elevating substance. Schedules of drugs refer to how a drug is regulated by the U.S. government. John C. Umhau, MD, MPH, CPE is board-certified in addiction medicine and preventative medicine.


Every time you take a drug, your body chemistry changes. Narcotics are often used to provide pain relief, but their effects also diminish the senses and cause the user to descend into a stupor-like state. They decrease physical activity and/or ability, slow breathing, and impact bowel function, sometimes causing constipation and nausea.

  • Clicking on the drug class will open a new window providing detailed information on that class and links to specific drugs.
  • A drug-dependent person is also likely to misuse drugs with chemical similarities.
  • The same applies to drugs like methotrexate and Advil that are metabolized by the kidneys.

The thousands of drug classes and subclasses can be classified in several ways. By noting the class of a drug, you and your healthcare team can understand what to expect from it. That includes the risks and which others drugs you can switch to. As the name the signs of a high functioning alcoholic implies, depressants induce a sleepy, relaxed feeling when ingested. Many of these drugs are used therapeutically to treat issues like chronic anxiety. However, when abused they lead to effects like memory loss, cognitive dysfunction, and confusion.

These drugs are not as well researched and documented as other classifications, but they can still lead to severe health complications. Common inhalants include gasoline, paint thinners, and nail polish removers. Before the CSA Act was created in the 1970s, drugs were not organized or classified using the schedule of drugs. A drug classification chart is a helpful tool that outlines some of the commonly misused drugs. According to Title 21 of the U.S. code, controlled substances do not include distilled spirits, wine, malt beverage, or tobacco. However, the dangers of alcohol and tobacco are well known.


At the same time, a drug can be in multiple classes within the same classification. For people struggling with substance use disorder, it’s vital to know what does classification mean? For example, a Schedule V drug has a low risk of misuse. A Schedule I drug also has a higher risk of causing recurrence of use than a Schedule V.

In addition to having limited refills, you may need to sign a pain medication agreement, or a contract between you and the doctor to ensure that you’re taking the drugs exactly as prescribed. Marijuana is the only Schedule I drug that is legal for medicinal and recreational uses in many states. However, many experts believe the drug’s status should be changed to allow for more comprehensive studies to determine the medical benefits of marijuana.

What are the classes of drugs in pharmacology?

  • Analgesics.
  • Antibiotic.
  • Anticoagulant.
  • Antidepressant.
  • Anticancer.
  • Antidiabetic.
  • Antiepileptic.
  • Antipsychotic.

Inhalants include a wide variety of breathable substances that produce mind-altering results and effects. Examples of inhalants include Toluene, plastic cement, paint, gasoline, paint thinners, hair sprays, and various anesthetic gases. Among its many functions, the USP was tasked by the U.S.

Drug Resistance

For example, the fibrates are a chemical class of drugs that share the same mechanism of action and mode of action , and that are used to prevent and treat the same disease . Conversely, not all PPAR agonists are fibrates, not all triglyceride lowering agents are PPAR agonists, and not all drugs used to treat atherosclerosis are triglyceride-lowering agents. Discovery Place in the beautiful hills of Tennessee offers long-term recovery programs for those who are suffering from drug and alcohol addiction. Most staff members have been through the program themself and know what it takes to heal from the devastating effects of drug and alcohol addiction. At Discovery Place, we provide psycho-education on the classifications of drugs among others for individuals to understand the addiction process and begin a life of recovery. Knowing the drug classifications before taking any drug can help you to figure out what the level of potential abuse may be, and can better equip you to know what to expect.

classes of drugs

Many experts also agree they should be Schedule I drugs. Although alcohol is legal in all states, it impacts most body systems. The effects of alcohol include euphoria and lower ambitions, impairs judgment, perception, and reaction time. But above all, it causes severe long-term liver damage.

There are several hundred classifications of drugs using various systems such as the American Hospital Formulary System. Although, many drugs fit into more than one category, they are commonly classified by therapeutic indication . Classification of drugs and drug classes is a complicated subjected.

For example, opioid addiction is a severe problem in America. Psychoactive drugs also cause mental, physical, binge drinking for teens and personal issues. For example, psychosis, liver disease, and money issues are risks of these drugs.

Schedule 2 Drugs

Drugs are also classified depending on how they affect a person’s mind and body. For example, one drug can make someone feel energetic, while another can make them feel calm. Every drug will affect the body differently and will also affect every individual in varying ways. There is a wide range of substances, and unfortunately, more people struggle with substance use disorder every day. And, even though addiction is overwhelming, it is possible to find recovery.

What are 3 common NSAIDs?

  • ibuprofen.
  • naproxen.
  • diclofenac.
  • celecoxib.
  • mefenamic acid.
  • etoricoxib.
  • indomethacin.
  • aspirin for pain relief (low-dose aspirin is not normally considered to be an NSAID)

Stimulants, or uppers, increase energy, focus, and wakefulness. They also provide a “rush.” Short-term use increases productivity; it also produces a pleasure high. But, long-term use of stimulants leads to misuse and addiction.

Amphetamines, methamphetamine, and cocaine are all classed as stimulants. The Controlled Substances Act is Title II of the Act. CNS depressants slow down the operations of the brain and the body. Schedule 3, Schedule 4, and Schedule 5 drugs are available for use with a prescription. Schedule 2 drugs may be used in medical settings with extreme restrictions. Schedule 1 drugs, however, do not have any accepted medical use and cannot be acquired with a prescription.

Not only am I clean and sober, but also I am happy and fulfilled. We have witnessed our son’s healing from the inside out and are grateful … For the time Tommy and Dennis and others have invested into his life.

What are the 5 classes of drugs?

Depressants include benzodiazepines, barbiturates, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid , and rohypnol, which is often used in conjunction with sexual assaults. how drugs affect the brain Marijuana, a Schedule 1 drug, causes well-known debates. And despite the evidence supporting reclassification, the DEA refuses to change it.

What schedule is amoxicillin?

Amoxicillin comes as a capsule, a tablet, a chewable tablet, and as a suspension (liquid) to take by mouth. It is usually taken every 12 hours (twice a day) or every 8 hours (three times a day) with or without food. The length of your treatment depends on the type of infection that you have.

The main purpose of drug classification is to determine which drugs are meant for medical use and which are not. With drug classification, people can protect themselves from severe physical or psychological effects, especially when taking new medication. The drug’s schedule is based on potential medical use, the potential for misuse, and addiction risk. The U.S. must use certain drug classifications to comply with diplomatic agreements. These agreements include the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. In several dominant drug classification systems, these four types of classifications form a hierarchy.

Drug Classifications: Schedule 1-5 Drugs

He is the medical director at Alcohol Recovery Medicine. For over 20 years Dr. Umhau was a senior clinical investigator at the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism of the National Institutes of Health . Verywell Mind’s content is for informational and educational purposes only.

classes of drugs

Careful consideration has gone into this categorization. The control of drugs through law exists to protect people from the harm that these drugs can do. It is based on research from many different sources into the potential harmfulness of the drug, both to individuals and to society.

«Treatment staging» means starting with the mildest possible drugs. For instance, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like ibupfofen or aspirin increase your bleeding risk. By classifying a drug by its CYP3A4 action, healthcare providers can better avoid this interaction. Marijuana induces a feeling of pleasure when smoked or ingested, while also impacting memory and perception. In high doses it can cause delusions and hallucinations. While marijuana is illegal on the federal level, some states have legalized or decriminalized it, either for recreational or medicinal use.

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